Interwar Years- Project

The Interwar Years- 1920’s-1930’s

References:  and

During the World wars and Interwar Years Canada experienced economic gain, more freedom for women and new technological advancements.

During the war, the woman’s suffrage movement gained support. The provinces began extending voting rights to women in 1916, and women were finally allowed to vote in federal elections in 1918. Canada was also faced with the return of thousands of soldiers, with few jobs waiting for them at home. They also brought back with them the Spanish Flu, which killed over 50 000 people by 1919, almost the same number that had been killed in the war.

Crowd gathered outside old City Hall during the Winnipeg General Strike, June 21, 1919

The move from a wartime to a peacetime economy, combined with the unwillingness of returned soldiers to accept pre-war working conditions, led to another crisis.

Resources to try:

KSS Library online> Databases> EBSCO or eLibrary …

KSS Library online> Reference> Canadian Ecyclopedia or Canadian Discovery Portal ….

Poverty Stricken

Poverty -Dorothea Lange.  California

Poverty -Dorothea Lange. California

During the Great Depression thousands of families left their homes in the ‘dust bowl’ of the Midwest, where they could no longer make a living through agriculture, and headed to California where they hoped to find employment and build a better future. Many of them found that the situation in California was little better than at home and found work hard to come by, although the New Deal work creation schemes offered some opportunities for relieving unemployment. The tale of one migrant family during the Great Depression was immortalized by John Steinbeck in his novel The Grapes of Wrath.( eLibrary, History Study)

Image © Getty Images

A Flapper’s Life


‘Flappers’ were women who cut their hair short, wore short skirts and make-up, and went out dancing to jazz music. These young women felt themselves to be part of a newly-emancipated generation, rebelling against the Victorian values of their parents and enjoying new social freedoms. They defied the conventions of what had been acceptable behaviour for a woman, smoking cigarettes and driving cars. The image of the ‘flapper’ symbolised these new morals and freedom for women in the 1920s.( eLibrary, History Study )

Image © Getty Images

Some information on the twenties in Canada can be found in the following video)
Watch the following from approximately 4:48 to7:13 (it says not available in Canada, but the description looks apt. Perhaps you can work around the unavailability and gain access somehow?)
Image gallery: (this isn’t a video, but it includes relevant images)
National Film Board of Canada (does talk about the difficulties incurred right after the Great War, but it later goes into the twenties; check around 12:00)
2-part video (focus on the cultural aspect – consumerism, innovations, entertainment, etc.)
A podcast about the “noise” of the twenties (again, something to bring a different perspective to the students’ understanding):
Another one that focuses on the twenties culture:


“The Great Depression, 1929-1939.” History Study Centre. ProQuest LLC. 2010.
Web. 27 Nov. 2014 < > … a study
unit set…

“Canada in the World Wars and Interwar Years.” Wikipedia., n.d.
Web. 27 Nov. 2014. <

Half Way to Ottawa. Access Learning. 2014. Access Learning. 27 November 2014 <;

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