The Interwar Years- 1920’s-1930’s
During the war, the woman’s suffrage movement gained support. The provinces began extending voting rights to women in 1916, and women were finally allowed to vote in federal elections in 1918. Canada was also faced with the return of thousands of soldiers, with few jobs waiting for them at home. They also brought back with them the Spanish Flu, which killed over 50 000 people by 1919, almost the same number that had been killed in the war.
The move from a wartime to a peacetime economy, combined with the unwillingness of returned soldiers to accept pre-war working conditions, led to another crisis.
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During the Great Depression thousands of families left their homes in the ‘dust bowl’ of the Midwest, where they could no longer make a living through agriculture, and headed to California where they hoped to find employment and build a better future. Many of them found that the situation in California was little better than at home and found work hard to come by, although the New Deal work creation schemes offered some opportunities for relieving unemployment. The tale of one migrant family during the Great Depression was immortalized by John Steinbeck in his novel The Grapes of Wrath.( eLibrary, History Study)
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A Flapper’s Life
‘Flappers’ were women who cut their hair short, wore short skirts and make-up, and went out dancing to jazz music. These young women felt themselves to be part of a newly-emancipated generation, rebelling against the Victorian values of their parents and enjoying new social freedoms. They defied the conventions of what had been acceptable behaviour for a woman, smoking cigarettes and driving cars. The image of the ‘flapper’ symbolised these new morals and freedom for women in the 1920s.( eLibrary, History Study )
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“The Great Depression, 1929-1939.” History Study Centre. ProQuest LLC. 2010.
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“Canada in the World Wars and Interwar Years.” Wikipedia. Wikipedia.org, n.d.
Web. 27 Nov. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/w/
Half Way to Ottawa. Access Learning. 2014. Access Learning. 27 November 2014 <http://www.accesslearning.com/>